Early pregnancy bleeding is not unusual. Most medical researchers estimate that one in five pregnant women bleeds during early pregnancy. It’s certainly one of the most common early pregnancy symptoms we get asked about. There are a number of reasons for early pregnancy bleeding, most are normal. If you notice heavy bleeding during early pregnancy, especially the combination of cramping and bleeding, call your doctor. Not to worry though, about 2/3 of pregnant women experience a bit of bleeding during the early weeks of pregnancy.
What are the Reasons for Early Pregnancy Bleeding?
- Implantation bleeding – This is the most common of reasons for early pregnancy bleeding. Implantation bleeding can occur anywhere from 6-12 days after possible conception. Every woman will experience implantation bleeding differently—some will lightly spot
for a few hours, while others may have some light spotting for a couple of days.
- Infection – An infection in the pelvic cavity or urinary tract may be a reasons for early pregnancy bleeding.
- Sex – A few women may bleed during or after sexual activity, because the cervix is inordinately tender and overly sensitive. If symptoms persist, you should stop the intercourse until you have been seen by your doctor.
Up to 70% of pregnant women have a degree of bleeding during early pregnancy. How can this happen when the blood flow form periods has ended? One of the reasons for early pregnancy bleeding is that until the 20th week of pregnancy the uterine cavity is not entirely filled by the fetus and placenta. And as at all times in a woman’s life, her hormone levels may still be flux. Just as withdrawal of hormones in the non-pregnant state leads to menstruation so too, the hormonal fluctuations now can lead to blood staining. In this case the reason for early pregnancy bleeding is not coming from the fetus itself, but from the still unoccupied uterine lining and it in no way presents a danger to the developing baby.
This type of early pregnancy bleeding or staining is somewhat common. It tends to occur especially at those times when you would normally be expecting a period, had you not been pregnant, usually around the 10th to 12th week. The placenta takes over support of the pregnancy from the corpus luteum in the ovary. Or early pregnancy bleeding may occur when the fertilized embryo implants in the uterus after its Journey Down the Fallopian tube, which can also release a little spotting at this stage.
If the staining is dark brown usually indicates there is a very small amount of slow bleeding which has been stagnant for a while. It is not fresh red blood, which would indicate more vigorous early pregnancy bleeding, and therefore is not a cause for panic. If the blood does become fresh and heavy, like a period or worse, if accompanied by cramping or severe backache it may be a real problem. Get into bed and contact your doctor with this type of early pregnancy bleeding.